How to grow garlic in West Africa is the next question that we want to answer to help you make a good decision about when, where and when How to grow garlic in any part of west Africa countries very well and smoothly.
HOW TO GROW GARLIC IN WEST AFRICA
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Garlic farming in West Africa demands knowledge of the several types of seeds available, the best soil types, and the best climate to produce the crop in.
Garlic production in West Africa, as anyplace else in the globe, necessitates locating a well-drained plot of ground with light soil. It’s crucial to remember that garlic won’t grow in wet soil.
Garlic grows well in full-sun settings as well. To put it another way, a farmer should avoid planting in a garden that receives too much shade.
Garlic planting is simple: simply obtain ripe garlic (also known as seed garlic), separate the cloves, and plant each clove separately.
Seed garlic and consumption garlic are similar; however, seed garlic is more mature than consumption garlic since it is permitted to stay in the fields for longer (typically a minimum of six months).
Garlic for human use, on the other hand, is harvested as early as four months.
Farmers that grow consumption garlic frequently end up with a crop that does not germinate well. As a result, farmers must take extra precautions to obtain seed garlic exclusively from reputable stock lists.
Additionally, some garlic bulbs are treated with growth retardant chemicals to prevent them from germinating on store shelves (especially those imported from Egypt and abroad).
The above emphasizes the need of only purchasing seed garlic from reputable suppliers.
PLANT OF GARLIC IN WEST AFRICA
Each clove should be planted separately. The clove’s sharp end should be pointing upwards and roughly one (1) inch below the surface. Garlic should be planted in rows that are 12 inches apart.
Garlic seeds should be spaced four (4) inches apart in a row. It’s worth mentioning that the larger the clove one plants, the greater the bulb one may expect from the garlic plant as it matures.
Garlic requires appropriate irrigation once planted in order for the plant to produce a full-sized bulb. However, as previously said, it is critical to avoid water logging.
Garlic is solely affected by two diseases: garlic white rot and garlic crop rust. Crop rotation can help to reduce the spread of these two diseases.
HARVESTING, MATURATION, AND STORAGE
A farmer can tell when garlic is ready to harvest by counting down the months (growing times are between 4 and 6 months) or by watching the garlic leaves wither.
Smart West African farmers, on the other hand, will not leave the garlic bulbs in the soil for too long once the leaves have wilted, as the individual cloves will begin to sprout.
Harvested bulbs should be brushed off any dry soil and dried in a warm, dry spot to improve storage. The bulbs can then be stored in a dry, well-ventilated area for up to three months.
MARKETING OF GARLIC IN WEST AFRICA
Garlic cultivation is probably a profitable venture for farmers in West Africa. Currently, there is still a considerable demand for the produce, ensuring producers a ready market.
Farmers’ rates, on the other hand, vary depending on their closeness to the market, the quantity of the garlic, and how well they can barter with middlemen.
Garlic growers in West Africa can choose to cut out the middlemen and sell their product straight to customers, which would result in larger profit margins but also require them to deal with farm-to-market logistics.
Garlic cultivation in West Africa necessitates knowledge of the various types of seeds available, as well as the ideal soil types and climates in which to grow the crop.
Garlic thrives in full sun as well as in a well-drained patch of land with light soil. Garlic needs to be watered properly after planting in order to grow a full-sized bulb.
Garlic white rot and garlic crop rust can be controlled by crop rotation. Garlic bulbs can be stored for up to three months in a dry, well-ventilated room.