Do you want to know about California Early Garlic? reading this guide about California Early Garlic will enlight you more about this particular type of garlic. but Let first start with the varieties of garlic to grow.
We welcome you to garliccare, here we try to answers all you question about garlic and how to grow garlic, plant garlic, and garlic recipes. But this article or guide will talk about Califonia early garlic?
GARLIC VARIETIES TO GROW
The history of garlic is long and complicated. Originally from Central Asia, it has been cultivated in the Mediterranean for over 5,000 years.
Gladiators ate garlic before the battle, and Egyptian slaves are said to have consumed it to give them the strength to build the pyramids. There are two different types of garlic, although some consider elephant garlic to be the third type. Elephant garlic is actually a member of the onion family, but it is a type of leek.
It has very large bulbs with very few cloves, three or four, and it has a sweet and chewy onion/garlic flavor and a similar mine hence the confusion. Garlic is one of 700 varieties of the Allium, or onion, family. The two different types of garlic are the softneck (Allium sativum) and hard neck (Allium ophioscorodon), which is sometimes called neck stiffness.
Hard-necked garlic (Allium sativum ophioscorodon) tends to have more flavor than its soft-necked cousins. They are characterized by solid woody centre stems and a long flower stalk (scape) that twists and turns, usually twice. They tend to have four to twelve lobes per bulb.
This solid wood leg in the centre of the lamp tells you it’s Hardneck
Scalloped garlic can sometimes be hot or hot. Others say they are spicier, more complex, and more “winged”. The porcelain, rocambole and stripe purple varieties are part of the hard neck family.
Stiff neck garlic tends to grow best in areas with very cold winters, as it requires a longer period of spawning (i.e. they need a long, cold winter to be dormant in order to bloom in the spring).
The most common type of tough garlic is “Rocambole,” which has large, easy-to-peel cloves and has a stronger flavor than soft-necked garlic. The soft, easy-to-peel skin reduces the shelf life to about four to five months. Unlike soft-necked garlic, hard-necked shoots send out flowering stems, or scabs, that become woody.
Soft-necked garlic (Allium sativum sativum) is thought to have evolved from tough-necked garlic and includes most of the garlic you see in large supermarkets. Since it lacks the flowering stem of tough garlic, it produces a lot of cloves – sometimes as many as eight, and sometimes as many as thirty or more cloves.
Softneck Garlic is great all-purpose garlic that works well with almost any dish.
If you like to eat or use raw or lightly cooked garlic, you will likely choose a soft-necked variety. If you’re making a simple marinade where garlic has a distinct flavor, switch to soft-necked garlic. It tastes more herbal and vegan and does not have the sting of its stiff neck siblings. READ MORE
CALIFORNIA EARLY GARLIC
INFORMATION EARLY GARLIC
California Early garlic plants might be the most popular garlic in American gardens. This is a softneck garlic variety that you can plant and harvest early.
Growing California Early garlic is a snap if you know the basics. Read on for information about this type of garlic, including tips on how and when to plant California Early.
What is California Early Garlic?
If you have never heard of California Early garlic plants, you are in for a treat. This is one garlic plant to remember. California Early garlic is an easy-to-grow softneck with great flavor.
On top of that, it stores well after harvest, up to six months or more. California Early garlic plants, sometimes termed “Cal-Early,” grow garlic heads with lovely ivory skins just flushed with a little purple. This dependable variety produces 10-16 cloves per head.
|TYPE||DAYS OF MATURITY||SUN||SPREAD||HEIGHT||SOW METHOD||PLANTING TIME||THIN|
|Softneck||90 – 240 days||Full sun||4 inches||18 – 24 inches||Direct Sow||Fall, Spring
GROWING CALENDAR FOR GROW 7
HOW TO SOW
1. In the south, plant the clove plant in autumn for spring fruit. In the north, plant soft-necked varieties in early spring for an early summer harvest and hard-necked varieties in autumn for spring fruit.
2. Organic When you take bulbs, plant cloves rich in organic matter and in full sun. Do not hold your bulbs until the next planting season.
3. Each bulb is made up of several sections called “cloves” held together by a thin layer of paper. Before planting, plant the cloves separately.
4. Choose a place in the whole sun with well-drained soil where you did not plant garlic last year.
5. Soil Remove rocks by digging the organic matter into your soil at least 6 to 8 inches deep, then level and smooth.
6. Plant 1 to 2 feet apart in R row, 3 to 4 inches deep and 4 inches apart. Turn off the water lightly and lightly.
7. Plant cloves on top.
8. Garlic sown in spring is grown in 14 to 21 days. Garlic planted in autumn may not emerge until spring.
9. Fall If garlic is grown in the fall and severe frost is expected, mix tender vegetables for protection.
HOW TO GROW
1. Growing Control weeds during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space, and nutrition, so control them by increasing their seed germination frequently or using marijuana. Avoid disturbing the soil around the tree while weeding
2. Water the plants well during the dry period to increase rapid, uninterrupted growth. Plants need about 1 inch of rainfall per week during the growing season.
Use a ranging to check if you need to add water. It is better to irrigate with drip or drip system which provides low-pressure water at ground level.
If you are watering with an overhead sprinkler, water early in the day so that the current dries out before dusk, it is time to reduce the problem of disease. Keep the soil moist but not saturated.
RECOMMEND GUIDE: HOW TO GROW GARLIC FROM SEED
3. P Watch for pests and diseases. See your local Cooperative Extension Service for suggested pest control in your area.
HARVEST AND PRESERVING TIPS
1. The crop is harvested when the leaves of the tree begin to turn yellow. At this point, bend the tops to make them turn yellow and speed up drying. Feel around the top of the bulb to make sure the gloves are made.
2. Plants Pull the plants and let them dry in the sun for a few hours. Spread these in a well-ventilated place until the tops are completely dry in about 3-4 weeks.
3. Trim 1 to 2 inches above the bulb or braid the top together for soft-necked varieties. Store loose bulbs in the fountain to keep them dry, cool and ventilated, or hang a string of brushed garlic.
4. Garlic can be frozen, made with vinegar or made with garlic Cloves.
CALIFORNIA EARLY GARLIC CARE
Before Planting: Garlic in most cases should be planted right before your first frost date in the fall. For more Southern states that are in zones 8-10, garlic should be planted in early December.
Prepare garlic for planting by breaking apart all cloves from the garlic. Be careful to leave the outer skin attached.
Soak cloves in a jar of water for 2 hours prior to planting. If you have some seaweed fertilizer laying around add some of this to the water. This will help prevent fungal disease.
Planting: Plant garlic in a rich, well drained soil that is weed-free. Dig a hole 2″ deep and place soaked garlic clove in hole with the flat end facing down (pointy end up). Cover with soil and add an organic fertilizer on top. Space cloves 4-6″ apart in same row and rows 18-24″ apart. For best results cover soil with 6-8″ of straw. In a couple months you will see shoots poking through. During the winter months growth will stop. When spring arrives growth will resume.
Watering: Water every 3 to 5 days during bulbing.
Fertilizer: Garlic requires adequate nitrogen, so fertilize accordingly. Blood meal is a good source of high-nitrogen fertilizer. Once you begin fertilization, fertilize the garlic every three weeks.
Days to Maturity: Garlic can take up to 210 days to mature.
Harvesting: Harvest garlic when green leaves have turned brown and fallen over. Be sure to dig deep and under garlic to not break or cut the garlic itself. Upon harvesting garlic will store best with leaves braided and hung in a dark, cool cellar.
Tips: Garlic repels pests from the garden, so it doesn’t have much trouble with them.
Uses: Garlic naturally repels pests from the garden and can be used for its bulbs or the scapes, or green fronds, the bulbs produce. Scapes can be eaten fresh or used in various dishes.
California Early Garlic needs attention as any plant may need to grow, follow the guide above in other to know how to care for such garlic before and after planting or growing and it is very good to grow in a garden to reduce pests as from the above data.